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Account and Billing Questions

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What are entities? And how are they counted for usage/billing?

An entity is a node stored in the JupiterOne graph database. Entities typically come from an integration. They can also be added via the Asset Inventory web app or API (custom scripts).

Each entity represents an object from your organization's digital operational environment. Examples include an AWS EC2 instance, RDS DB cluster, RDS DB instance, IAM role, IAM policy, user endpoint, etc.

The following entities are not counted for billing/usage calculation:

  • Mapped Entities -- these are entities with _source='system-mapper' property. These are entities derived by the JupiterOne Mapper, such as an external Network or Host entity created because a security group contains a rule pointing to it.

  • System Internal Entities -- these are entities with _source='system-internal' property. These are internal JupiterOne system/app generated resources that are mapped to the graph as entities, such as compliance_standard, compliance_requirement, etc.

  • Findings and PRs -- these entities are considered "event-like" and not true resources in an digital operating environment, therefore they are not being counted for usage/billing purpose.

  • Images, NetworkInterfaces, and IpAddress -- these entities are also not counted against the usage or billing.

  • Records and DomainRecords -- records such as DNS records, Jira issues are not considered as billable.

Billable entities count is averaged daily, and again monthly. This can be viewed by going to Settings -> Account Management in the JupiterOne web UI.

There is a soft-limit on non-billable entitites. Depending on your JupiterOne subscription plan, the soft-limit is 2x, 5x or 10x of the total billable entities limit.

For example, if your purchased the Enterprise Premier plan with 50,000 billable entities, you can have up to 500,000 non-billable entities.

You can also run the following query in your account to get a live count of your billable entities:

Find * with
  _source !^= 'system-' and
  _class != (
    'Finding' and 'PR' and 'Image' and 
    'NetworkInterface' and 'IpAddress' and 
    'Record' and 'DomainRecord'
  ) as e
  count(e) as billableEntityCount

Billable Entities Table

Entity Description Billable
AccessKey A key used to grant access, such as ssh-key, access-key, api-key/token, mfa-token/device, etc. Yes
AccessPolicy A policy for access control assigned to a Host, Role, User, UserGroup, or Service. Yes
AccessRole An access control role mapped to a Principal (e.g. user, group, or service). Yes
Account An organizational account for a service or a set of services (e.g. AWS, Okta, Bitbucket Team, Google G-Suite account, Apple Developer Account). Each Account should be connected to a Service. Yes
Application A software product or application. Yes
ApplicationEndpoint An application endpoint is a program interface that either initiates or receives a request, such as an API. Yes
Assessment An object to represent an assessment, including both compliance assessment such as a HIPAA Risk Assessment or a technical assessment such as a Penetration Testing. Each assessment should have findings (e.g. Vulnerability or Risk) associated. Yes
Attacker An attacker or threat actor. Yes
Backup A specific repository or data store containing backup data. Yes
Certificate A digital Certificate such as an SSL or S/MIME certificate. Yes
Channel A communication channel, such as a Slack channel or AWS SNS topic. Yes
Cluster A cluster of compute or database resources/workloads. Yes
CodeCommit A code commit to a repo. The commit id is captured in the _id property of the Entity. No
CodeDeploy A code deploy job. Yes
CodeModule A software module. Such as an npmmodule or javalibrary. Yes
CodeRepo A source code repository. A CodeRepo is also a DataRepository therefore should carry all the required properties of DataRepository. Yes
CodeReview A code review record. Yes
Configuration A Configuration contains definitions that describe a resource such as a Task, Deployment or Workload. For example, an aws_ecs_task_definition is a Configuration. Yes
Container A standard unit of software that packages up code and all its dependencies and configurations. Yes
Control A security or IT Control. A control can be implemented by a vendor/service, a person/team, a program/process, an automation code/script/configuration, or a system/host/device. Therefore, this is most likely an additional Class applied to a Service (e.g. Okta SSO), a Device (e.g. a physical firewall), or a HostAgent (e.g. Carbon Black CbDefense Agent). Controls are mapped to security policy procedures and compliance standards/requirements. Yes
ControlPolicy An technical or operational policy with rules that govern (or enforce, evaluate, monitor) a security control. Yes
CryptoKey A key used to perform cryptographic functions, such as an encryption key. Yes
DataObject An individual data object, such as an aws-s3-object, sharepoint-document, source-code, or a file (on disk). The exact data type is described in the _type property of the Entity. No
DataStore A virtual repository where data is stored, such as aws-s3-bucket, aws-rds-cluster, aws-dynamodb-table, bitbucket-repo, sharepoint-site, docker-registry. The exact type is described in the _type property of the Entity. Yes
Database A database cluster/instance. Yes
Deployment A deployment of code, application, infrastructure or service. For example, a Kubernetes deployment. An auto scaling group is also considered a deployment. Yes
Device A physical device or media, such as a server, laptop, workstation, smartphone, tablet, router, firewall, switch, wifi-access-point, usb-drive, etc. The exact data type is described in the _type property of the Entity. Yes
Directory Directory, such as LDAP or Active Directory. Yes
Disk A disk storage device such as an AWS EBS volume Yes
Document A document or data object. No
Domain An internet domain. Yes
DomainRecord The DNS Record of a Domain Zone. No
DomainZone The DNS Zone of an Internet Domain. Yes
Finding A security finding, which may be a vulnerability or just an informative issue. A single finding may impact one or more resources. The IMPACTS relationship between the Vulnerability and the resource entity that was impacted serves as the record of the finding. The IMPACTS relationship carries properties such as 'identifiedOn', 'remediatedOn', 'remediationDueOn', 'issueLink', etc. No
Firewall A piece of hardware or software that protects a network/host/application. Yes
Framework An object to represent a standard compliance or technical security framework. Yes
Function A virtual application function. For example, an awslambdafunction, azurefunction, or googlecloud_function Yes
Gateway A gateway/proxy that can be a system/appliance or software service, such as a network router or application gateway. Yes
Group A defined, generic group of Entities. This could represent a group of Resources, Users, Workloads, DataRepositories, etc. Yes
Host A compute instance that itself owns a whole network stack and serves as an environment for workloads. Typically it runs an operating system. The exact host type is described in the _type property of the Entity. The UUID of the host should be captured in the _id property of the Entity Yes
HostAgent A software agent or sensor that runs on a host/endpoint. Yes
Image A system image. For example, an AWS AMI (Amazon Machine Image). No
Incident An operational or security incident. Yes
Internet The Internet node in the graph. There should be only one Internet node. No
IpAddress An re-assignable IpAddress resource entity. Do not create an entity for an IP Address configured on a Host. Use this only if the IP Address is a reusable resource, such as an Elastic IP Address object in AWS. No
Key An ssh-key, access-key, api-key/token, pgp-key, etc. Yes
Logs A specific repository or destination containing application, network, or system logs. Yes
Module A software or hardware module. Such as an npmmodule or javalibrary. Yes
Network A network, such as an aws-vpc, aws-subnet, cisco-meraki-vlan. Yes
NetworkEndpoint A network endpoint for connecting to or accessing network resources. For example, NFS mount targets or VPN endpoints. Yes
NetworkInterface An re-assignable software defined network interface resource entity. Do not create an entity for a network interface configured on a Host. Use this only if the network interface is a reusable resource, such as an Elastic Network Interface object in AWS. No
Organization An organization, such as a company (e.g. JupiterOne) or a business unit (e.g. HR). An organization can be internal or external. Note that there is a more specific Vendor class. Yes
PR A pull request. No
PasswordPolicy A password policy is a specific Ruleset. It is separately defined because of its pervasive usage across digital environments and the well known properties (such as length and complexity) unique to a password policy. Yes
Person An entity that represents an actual person, such as an employee of an organization. Yes
Policy A written policy documentation. Yes
Procedure A written procedure and control documentation. A Procedure typically IMPLEMENTS a parent Policy. An actual Control further IMPLEMENTS a Procedure. Yes
Process A compute process -- i.e. an instance of a computer program / software application that is being executed by one or many threads. This is NOT a program level operational process (i.e. a Procedure). Yes
Product A product developed by the organization, such as a software product. Yes
Program A program. For example, a bug bounty/vuln disclosure program. Yes
Project A software development project. Can be used for other generic projects as well but the defined properties are geared towards software development projects. Yes
Queue A scheduling queue of computing processes or devices. Yes
Record A DNS record; or an official record (e.g. Risk); or a written document (e.g. Policy/Procedure); or a reference (e.g. Vulnerability/Weakness). The exact record type is captured in the _type property of the Entity. No
Repository A repository that contains resources. For example, a Docker container registry repository hosting Docker container images. Yes
Requirement An individual requirement for security, compliance, regulation or design. Yes
Resource A generic assignable resource. A resource is typically non-functional by itself unless used by or attached to a host or workload. Yes
Review A review record. Yes
Risk An object that represents an identified Risk as the result of an Assessment. The collection of Risk objects in JupiterOne make up the Risk Register. A Control may have a MITIGATES relationship to a Risk. Yes
Root The root node in the graph. There should be only one Root node per organization account. Yes
Rule An operational or configuration compliance rule, often part of a Ruleset. Yes
Ruleset An operational or configuration compliance ruleset with rules that govern (or enforce, evaluate, monitor) a security control or IT system. Yes
Scanner A system vulnerability, application code or network infrastructure scanner. Yes
Section An object to represent a section such as a compliance section. Yes
Service A service provided by a vendor. Yes
Site The physical location of an organization. A Person (i.e. employee) would typically has a relationship to a Site (i.e. locatedat or workat). Also used as the abstract reference to AWS Regions. Yes
Standard An object to represent a standard such as a compliance or technical standard. Yes
Subscription A subscription to a service or channel. Yes
Task A computational task. Examples include AWS Batch Job, ECS Task, etc. Yes
Team A team consists of multiple member Person entities. For example, the Development team or the Security team. Yes
ThreatIntel Threat intelligence captures information collected from vulnerability risk analysis by those with substantive expertise and access to all-source information. Threat intelligence helps a security professional determine the risk of a vulnerability finding to their organization. Yes
Training A training module, such as a security awareness training or secure development training. Yes
User A user account/login to access certain systems and/or services. Examples include okta-user, aws-iam-user, ssh-user, local-user (on a host), etc. Yes
UserGroup A user group, typically associated with some type of access control, such as a group in Okta or in Office365. If a UserGroup has an access policy attached, and all member Users of the UserGroup would inherit the policy. Yes
Vault A collection of secrets such as a key ring Yes
Vendor An external organization that is a vendor or service provider. Yes
Vulnerability A security vulnerability (application or system or infrastructure). A single vulnerability may relate to multiple findings and impact multiple resources. The IMPACTS relationship between the Vulnerability and the resource entity that was impacted serves as the record of the finding. The IMPACTS relationship carries properties such as 'identifiedOn', 'remediatedOn', 'remediationDueOn', 'issueLink', etc. Yes
Weakness A security weakness. Yes
Workload A virtual compute instance, it could be an aws-ec2-instance, a docker-container, an aws-lambda-function, an application-process, or a vmware-instance. The exact workload type is described in the _type property of the Entity. Yes
[System Mapped Entities] Entities with _source='system-mapper' No
[System Internal Entities] Entities with _source='system-internal' No
[Custom Created Entities] Entities created with a custom-defined _class or _type Yes

What are the limitations of the COMMUNITY Edition of JupiterOne?

JupiterOne COMMUNITY Edition is FREE for non-commercial use, non-profit or small teams. It comes with the following features and limitations:

  • Configure up to five integration instances
  • Integrations are limited to WEEKLY scheduled polling or on-demand runs
  • Up to 500 entities
  • Up to 10 users
  • Full featured access to Asset Inventory / CMDB, search, query and graph visualization from query results
  • Access to Policies app and full templates library

A paid subscription is required for the following capabilities:

  • Daily and hourly data polling and analysis
  • Alerts and notifications (email, Jira, Slack)
  • Reporting charts and dashboards
  • Compliance management, evidence collection with continuous assessment
  • Full policy management (build/edit/export policies and procedures) and compliance mapping
  • Full API access
  • SAML Single Sign On
  • Account in active trial have access to all paid subscription features.
  • Trial accounts are automatically converted into COMMUNITY edition after trial expires.
  • The entity limit for a paid premium/enterprise account depends on the subscription tier.

I see a user named "Callisto" on my account. Who is that?

"Callisto" \<> is the account for JupiterOne Support. The Support User is by default added to a new account during free trial, proof-of-concept evaluation, or initial account onboarding. This is to facilitate better support and training on using the platform.

  • The support user can be removed by an account administrator at any time, should you determine that ongoing regular support is no longer needed.
  • You have the option and administrative privilege to add the support user back at any time, when support is needed in the future.

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